The genitive has no prefix or suffix, and, as usual, follows the word bv wMck it is
There are two suffixes in the list of words, fofo, and se or sa, which seem to indicate
any oblique case, much in the way that mai is used in Khamtl*
We have them for instance,—-
Dative,—Ink-say, dn-lung kdn, to a daughter.
Jj^-sau-man khau-sa, to daughters.
Ablative3—led po a-lung kdn, from a father.
Lai kun nl ko-lung khitn kdn, from a good man.
Lai-pu km nl a-ndn khau-sa, from those good men.
Genitive,—hik-sau Iw-lung kan, of a daughter.
Kim nl ko-hing Mn> of a good man.
KMng man-se, his property.
J£ha inau-se, thy servant.
Km nl khau-sas of good men.
Sd is prefixed to the Genitive and Dative in Tairong.
Adjectives,—-Few remarks are necessary, The numeral lung, one, can take the
prefix dn or a, and then has the force of the indefinite article, like d-lung in Khamia.
The Comparative degree appears to be formed by suffixing sl} equivalent to the
Shan GoS se, to the adjective. Thus nl-sl a-nai, better (than) this. In such a case me
or ma (an intensive particle) is usually added to the verb, or is used by itself instead of
a copula, si being optionally omitted. Thus ni-ti, q~nai ma-ymgt is better than this.
In Mng ndng-chai man Mng nang-sau mm song me, literally, to brother of-him to sister
of-him tall very, his brother is taller than his sister, both the nouns appear to be placed
in the dative, unless Mng means ' appearance, form'. The superlative is most simply
formed by doubling the adjective, as in m-rii} very good, The adverb khifi (pronounced
khen) is also used, as in khen ms very good,
PrOEOUHS,—The pronouns call for no remarks. "We should remember that mau>
thou, is pronounced, as in Shan, mul. The demonstrative pronouns are $-naia this,
and a-ndn, that.
Verfos.—We may note that the usual sign of the past tense is kwd (c/ Shan Jmat to
go), but occasionally we find the Khamtl kd and md> Thus, thdm-kwd) asked; het-kd~
yaw, they did; nip-md, became alive.
The Future takes both $, and also ta, a contraction of the Shan M. Thus km ta
pin, I shall be ', kau tapo, I shall strike; wau tipo, thou wilt strike.
The participle suffix is si.
There are several negative words. We may note _p<5, not, in k&u luk ma& pa tan
$in, I son of-thee not worthy am, I am not worthy to be thy son. With j>a, we may
compare the North Shan pai, Ehamti jij, which, however, are only used with the Imper-
ative. A more usual negative is mau (ihom i<w, KMmti mdt Shan wew), as in
khau-kd, did not wish: mm hail, did not give. The Khamtl form, md, appears in
not good, bad*
The Shan Assertive suffix ho is common. Thus «-&>, am, or was, indeed: